What Jobs Can You Get with a Science Degree? Top 12 Career Paths for Scientists

Whether you’re driving advancements in technology; defining business strategy through analytics, scientists like you, create an understanding of our world and a means by which societies can thrive in it.

Science is not just laboratories with staff dressed in white coats.

There is the potential to drive big changes in society and develop new innovative solutions to the problems we face.

We want to show you jobs for scientists and researchers because, in a constantly evolving job market, this can be a complicated task, since when it comes to choosing a career, there is a lot to consider.

Whether; you are looking for a job for the first time, or after having worked for years in school, below you will discover the best job opportunities that lie ahead.

What Jobs Can You Get with a Science Degree?


As a leading paleontologist, responsible for the study of fossil plants and animals, you can have a very attractive salary.

Oil, gas, and mining companies pay handsomely for experienced paleontologists, as do traditional academic employers, such as universities and museums.

Medical Physicist

Using your knowledge of radiation, electronics, imaging, and even laser technology; you would work alongside engineers and physicians to develop the technology that diagnoses, treats, and potentially saves the lives of patients.

A degree in physics and subsequent completion of healthcare provider training is the only way to access this specialty.


They research and analyze the potential for dangerous climate threats such as floods, hurricanes, tsunamis, and study how climate can affect the spread of pollution and disease.

You would need a degree in a relevant subject such as geography, environmental studies, or physics; as well as a solid understanding of how to interpret data to be successful as a meteorologist.


As a broad discipline, geoscience can provide a variety of potential career paths, all of which are well-paying too.

For example, they advise engineers in the design of underground structures such as tunnels or dams, they monitor seismic activity.

All in order to look for possible disaster warning signs; and they work with mining or drilling companies to identify suitable sites.

A degree in earth science or a geology-related subject would be required, usually at the graduate level.

Electronic Engineer

Science has numerous uses within engineering, and the physical nature of electronics is one of the most prominent.

Responsible for the research and design of complex electronic systems, electronic engineers work in a myriad of industries, including: aerospace, defense, telecommunications, medicine, and manufacturing.

You don’t necessarily need a title to get started, either; many companies offer multi-level apprenticeships as a way to enter the profession.


Focusing on the study of microscopic organisms, microbiologists can find employment in a variety of important industries and sectors, including healthcare, agriculture, and commercial R&D.

In general; his work is very significant for the development of various scientific fields; including molecular biology and biotechnology.

To get your foot in the door, you would need a strong academic background in a biological discipline or experience in a lab technician role.


Like physics, a career in biology could involve the study of any number of disciplines; Among the most popular are molecular biology, marine biology, and immunology.

If you have an interest in the structure mechanisms, and the natural development of organisms and ecosystems, as well as a solid educational background in any degree related to biology.

Here you can use your skills in a wide range of industries, including agriculture, medicine, and conservation.


Although some would argue that economics is more of an art than a science, there is no question that pursuing it as a career requires a rigorous examination of your scientific credentials.

Most employers prefer that you have at least a graduate degree in economics, even those related to math, finance, or statistics may also be acceptable.

While strong research and communication skills are also an essential part of the job.


One thing scientists and consumers can agree on is that the pharmaceutical industry is a massive business.

In fact, the potential salaries for pharmacologists; who are responsible for research on the clinical and neurological effects of drugs, are surprisingly attractive.

A graduate degree in pharmacology would be the fastest route to this profession, followed by a job with a large commercial supplier.

Chemical Engineer

On a similar topic, a career in chemical engineering could also yield a highly profitable return.

You would be responsible for processes that convert raw or natural materials into the usable household and industrial products, such as in the energy, food and beverage, and manufacturing sectors.

Many universities offer degrees in chemical engineering, although it is possible to enter the profession with another qualification related to chemistry.

Nuclear Engineer

Unsurprisingly, nuclear physics is not for everyone.

But; as the science behind the energy, medicine, and defense capabilities of much of the developed world, it is certainly important.

You would need a relevant degree in physics, engineering, or mathematics; as well as the ability to pass rigorous safety assessments.

Much of your time would be spent in a research, development, and/or maintenance capacity.


Biotechnologists combine the study of organisms with the application of technology to solve environmental, business, or medical problems.

Based primarily in a laboratory, you would need a major degree in a biochemical field, thus as experience or knowledge of the industry in which you wish to specialize.


While the information in this list is just a starting point; it shows that there is a myriad of diverse and fascinating scientific areas worth pursuing, both in terms of job satisfaction and financial reward.

What Jobs Can You Get with a Science Degree?

You no longer have to ask yourself this question; we hope that our information has been clear and of great use to you, if any of these catches your attention, you can consider it as the beginning of a new professional dedication in your life.

Jamie Willis
Career Specialist at BecomeopediaHi, my name is Jamie Willis, and I have been helping students find their perfect internships and education paths for the last ten years. It is a passion of mine, and there really is nothing better than seeing students of mine succeed with further studies.

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