How to Become a Hematologist
Hematologist Careers & Degrees

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Hematologists are physicians who specialize in the study of blood and the treatment of any blood diseases.

In addition, they also work with the closely related performances of bone marrow and the lymphatic system.

Hematology is closely related and often coincides with other fields including the study of the immune system and ailments as well as oncology.

Individuals who want to become a Hematologist will have a curious mind, are detailed oriented and have a passion for health and the medical field.

Individuals interested in pursuing this profession will also have a natural ability to work well with individuals who have been diagnosed with an illness or disorder.

Education Requirements to Become a Hematologist

Because individuals who want to become a Hematologist are specialized physicians, they will need to complete similar educational requirements.

This includes attaining a postsecondary degree, attending medical school, complete a residency and secure a license.

As undergraduates, individuals who want to become a Hematologist will need to complete a bachelor’s.

Although no specific degree is required, some fields are more helpful.

Some common areas of studies include: biology, pre-med, anatomy, physiology or biochemistry.

Individuals who do not a complete a degree in any of these areas will benefit greatly by completing the following recommended courses: English, mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology.

Individuals must take and pass the admission test to get into medical school.

Individuals may take this test while they are still undergraduates or shortly after graduating from college.

Individuals can visit MCAT to learn more information about the test as well as some helpful ways to prepare.

While in medical school, individuals will learn in a variety of settings in order to become a physician.

Typical programs will begin the first two years of medical school focusing the first two years in a classroom and laboratory setting.

Students will take some basic courses in medicine including the following typical courses: medical ethics, psychology, pharmacology, biochemistry, biology and anatomy.

During the last two years of medical school, students will gain hands on experience by completing rotations in several types of specializations.

During these rotations, students will work with patients under the careful eye an experienced physician.

This can be done under a hospital or clinical setting.

Typical rotations may include the following: internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, family practice or pediatrics.

Individuals must then become licensed in order to practice and then complete a hematology fellowship or residency in order to enter this profession.

Hematologist Job Description

Hematologists are doctors who are specialized in the study of blood and blood diseases or disorders.

These professionals are also specialized in the lymphatic system.

These professionals will work with individuals who show signs of possible blood diseases or disorder and who have been referred to this specialist by a primary care physician.

A Hematologist will take a look at a patient’s blood results and look at all elements of a patient’s blood including: bone marrow cells and blood count.

Through these types of clinical tests, Hematologists will diagnose and treat blood disorders including: leukemia, hemophilia and other blood clotting disorders or anemia.

A specialized professional, hematologist/oncologist will focus on diagnosing and treating cancers of the blood and organs, lymphatics and stem cells.

Hematologist Salary and Career Path

Hematologists are physicians who specialize in the study of blood.

As physicians, they are a part of a profession that is one of the highest paid.

In 2012, the median salary for physicians as whole was approximately $220,942 per year.

Exact wages will depend on a variety of factors, including specialization, years in practice, professional reputation and region.

Some specialized doctors can earn up to $356,885 per year.

The job outlook for physicians and surgeons is projected to increase by 18 percent through the year 2022.

This growth is considered faster than average when compared to other professions and is attributed to the overall increase in demand for healthcare services.

This demand for healthcare services comes from the aging baby boomer population seeking more services that contributes to their expanded lifespans.

Individuals beginning a career as a Hematologist can expect plenty of advantages after working hard towards this profession.

Some benefits include high wages, a healthy job outlook and the ability for individuals to work with patients in improving their health.

The below information is based on the 2019 BLS national averages.
  • Annually
  • Monthly
  • Hourly

National Average Salary

$201,440
$60K
$107K
$201K
$K
$K
10%
25%
50%
75%
90%

Average Salary by State

StateAvg. Annual Salary
Alabama$213,790
Alaska$230,160
Arizona$218,630
Arkansas$146,900
California$212,510
Colorado$195,190
Connecticut$206,200
Delaware$208,750
District of Columbia$165,080
Florida$204,690
Georgia$95,690
Hawaii$235,770
Idaho$173,190
Illinois$211,950
Indiana$257,270
Iowa$216,910
Kansas$211,770
Kentucky$209,700
Louisiana$188,650
Maine$239,460
Maryland$203,270
Massachusetts$232,970
Michigan$171,210
Minnesota$242,390
Mississippi$218,830
Missouri$216,350
Montana$202,100
Nebraska$249,510
Nevada$253,920
New Hampshire$241,240
New Jersey$220,790
New Mexico$280,620
New York$188,370
North Carolina$256,000
North Dakota$266,540
Ohio$196,860
Oklahoma$190,030
Oregon$237,910
Pennsylvania$227,650
Rhode Island$171,280
South Carolina$248,760
South Dakota$281,590
Tennessee$199,720
Texas$160,180
Utah$230,170
Vermont$207,920
Virginia$234,220
Washington$224,940
West Virginia$146,840
Wisconsin$253,900
Wyoming$273,570
Puerto Rico$73,990

The top earning state in the field is South Dakota, where the average salary is $281,590.

These are the top 5 earning states in the field:

South Dakota - $281,590
New Mexico - $280,620
Wyoming - $273,570
North Dakota - $266,540
Indiana - $257,270
* Salary information based on the May 2019 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey for General Internal Medicine Physicians, OCC Code 29-1216, BLS.
* Employment conditions in your area may vary.

Frequently Asked Questions

QuestionWhat is a hematologist?

Hematologists are physicians specialized in diagnosing, treating and preventing blood disorders and disorders of the vessels and lymph nodes.

They usually work in teams with other healthcare providers to treat conditions such as hemophilia, leukemia, lymphoma, or anemia.

In order to diagnose diseases of the blood, hematologists use a variety of tests, including blood tests or biopsies.

Many hematologists work in hospitals but some also own their own practice.

Like all physicians, hematologists often have to work long hours in order to accommodate their patients’ needs.

If you’re a compassionate person with good problem-solving skills, patience, dexterity and communication skills and you’re willing to spend over 10 years in post-secondary education, a career as a hematologist may be the right path for you.

QuestionHow much does a hematologist make?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual pay for physicians and surgeons was equal or greater than $208,000 as of May 2018.

How much a hematologist earns depends on a wide range of factors including his or her level of experience, education, and employer.

QuestionHow much does it cost to become a hematologist?

If you want to become a hematologist, the first step is to get your bachelor’s degree and complete some undergraduate coursework in biology, chemistry, physics, math, and English.

Tuition costs vary widely, depending on the school you choose and the program itself but, on average, you will spend around $150,0000-$160,000 for four years of undergraduate studies.

Students who plan to enroll at medical school must obtain a good score at the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test).

Four years of medical school cost, on average, around $150,000-$200,000 in total.

QuestionWhat is the demand for hematologists?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, overall employment for physicians and surgeons, in general, is expected to grow 7 percent from 2018 to 2028.

However, your job opportunities depend on the region and your specialty.

Specializing in diseases that affect aging baby boomers may give you better job prospects.

Seeking board certification as a hematologist will also give you an advantage over your competitors on the job market.

QuestionHow long does it take to become a hematologist?

To become a hematologist, you will need to complete 4 years of medical school followed by 2 years of residency in internal medicine or a related field.

Hematologists must also complete 2-4 years of fellowship in their specialty.

Like all physicians, hematologists also need a state license.

Before enrolling at a medical school you must first complete your undergraduate studies; a bachelor’s degree program can be completed in 4 years.

In conclusion, hematologists need a total of 12-14 years of education beyond high school.

If you want to earn board certification in hematology you must first become certified in internal medicine and afterward, you must pass a Hematology Certification Exam.

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