Beekeepers, also known as Apiarists, are specialized professionals that are responsible for the upkeep of several colonies of honey bees and hives that are maintained for the production of honey, beeswax and pollination efforts.
Individuals who want to become a Beekeeper will need a combination of experience, education and innate qualities to enter this field.
Individuals who want to enter this profession also need to be able to handle the stress and attention to detail needed to control not hundreds of colonies of bees all at once.
Education Requirements to Become a Beekeeper
Individuals who would like to become a Beekeeper will need to gain experience in order to seek a job in this profession.
Although not a requirement, many skilled Beekeepers are also prepared to join this field by securing a bachelor’s degree.
Interested individuals may begin their experience by securing an apprenticeship under an experienced Beekeeper.
Some larger production facilities also offer weekend or night classes for novice learners who want to become a Beekeeper or who are interested in it as a hobby.
Individuals who seek apprenticeship opportunities will learn the ropes of the Beekeeping trade by working closely with an experienced Beekeeper.
During an apprenticeship, individuals at the entry level will learn the basics on how to treat a colony of bees and be responsible for completing simple tasks under the eye of an experienced professional.
Individuals who want to pursue a postsecondary background to become a Beekeeper may complete a 4 year bachelor’s degree.
A limited number of schools offer programs that specialize in Beekeeping such as Cornell University and the University of Florida.
Many individuals enter this field by completing a 4 year bachelor’s degree in animal science, biological science or a similar related field.
If interested in conservationist efforts, individuals may also attend graduate school to study Agricultural Management and Entomology.
Beekeeper Job Description
Beekeepers keep to a busy schedule and may be required to work long hours during the summer peak season as warmer weather requires a careful eye on beehives and bee colonies.
This may require some individuals to work nights, weekends and holidays during this time.
Beekeepers are responsible for maintaining and handling honey bee colonies and hives for the pollination of flowers and production of honey; their job is to also maintain the overall health of a beehive and keep it in good condition.
Because a colony of bees can be dangerous and sometimes deadly, Beekeepers must maintain a level of safety before preparing for daily tasks.
Being protected does require professionals to wear safety gear such as: safety goggles, suits, veils and gloves.
This requires individuals to be covered from head to toe as to not allow room for even one stray bee to enter the suit.
In addition, Beekeepers use special tools such as hive tools and bee smokers to be able to access honey or beeswax that a hive produces.
Some Beekeepers may be responsible for the production and processing of honey as well as bottling the honey produced.
For the most part, these professionals will also be responsible for the following:
- Feeding bees
- Nurturing queen bees and replacing them when needed
- Replacing combs when needed
- Separating colonies when needed
- Cleaning and building hives
- Determine whether a hive is healthy and document observations
- Document any activity, whether medication was administrated and the production of any honey
Beekeeper Salary and Career Path
The median annual wage for farmers, ranchers and other agricultural professionals, which includes the Beekeeper profession, was approximately $69,300 in 2012.
There are many factors that can impact exact wages including weather conditions.
If weather conditions affect the production of honey in any way, it can potentially affect a Beekeeper’s bottom line.
Exact wages will depend on production and the regional area a Beekeeper works in.
Job projections as a whole for farmers, rancher and other agricultural professionals is expected to decline by 19 percent through 2022.
However, this number is for this industry as a whole and the job outlook may look different due to the environmental changes that occur each year.
As consumers, the details of how honey or beeswax are produced are not common knowledge.
Individuals interested in pursuing a career as a Beekeeper will learn the ins and outs of this popular sweetener as well as having a hand in keeping an important species alive that’s needed for the cross pollination of plants and flowers.