How to Become a Park Ranger

If you enjoy nature, are passionate about the environment, and would like a career working in the outdoors, then you might like to consider working as a park ranger.

When you become a park ranger, you not only have an access to a career that is challenging, but you also have the opportunity to protect national parks and natural assets, preserving them for future generations.

A park ranger has many aspects to their work.

They must make sure the park they work in is being properly preserved and protected.

This involves making sure people take care, that animals are protected, and native species of plants are not damaged.

They must also enforce laws that are relevant to the park while also helping to look after the safety of the people that visit.

They may have administrative tasks, like collecting fees, creating data, filing reports, and even keeping records.

Education Requirements to Become a Park Ranger

To become a park ranger, you will need to make good grades at college, especially in areas like geography, history, and science.

At this stage you should join local community groups that are interested in the environment, along with any work experience you can get in national, state, or local parks.

This may be on a volunteer basis.

At a minimum, you will need a four year college degree to get a job as a park ranger.

Your major would need to be in park management, natural science, or a similar area.

Employers will look for evidence that you are interested in the environment, and in natural science, so this should show in your choice of coursework, along with your extracurricular activities.

Further to your qualifications, employers will look for people that have worked within national parks before.

Taking a part-time job in a park while you are at college will make a big difference to your job prospects later on.

You may be able to get a paid or volunteer job on weekends, but you may also like to consider doing seasonal work at a park over your summer vacations.

Working as a park ranger, or even as a seasonal worker, you will need to be qualified in CPR and first aid.

You should get these credentials as early as possible, and keep them current.

Park Ranger Job Description

When you become a park ranger, you will be responsible for a wide range of duties in a national park.

You will be responsible for protecting people’s safety, as well as protecting the integrity of the plants and animals that make the park home.

You may find yourself enforcing local laws, surveying the park and collecting data, nursing injured animals, providing first aid, and a whole range of other duties.

You can be sure that no two days will be the same as a park ranger.

Here are some of the typical duties of a park ranger:

  • Collecting fees
  • Giving visitors directions, information, and advice
  • Running education programs
  • Monitoring plants and animals
  • Nursing injured animals
  • Re-vegetation to damaged areas of parks
  • Enforcing local laws
  • Conducting research
  • Compiling reports
  • Administrative duties

Park Ranger Salary and Career Path

Most park rangers start out working in state or local parks.

Competition for work in national parks is fierce, however many rangers get postgraduate degrees and are successful in gaining these positions later on in their careers.

Working as a park ranger, you will generally work a 40 hour week, however you may need to put in extra time during holidays and other peak times for visitors.

If you want to work in a national park, you will need to be ready to move anywhere in the country.

Some park rangers will move onto work in research, or in other areas concerned with the environment.

Some similar positions include:

  • Environmental researcher
  • Biological scientist
  • Environmental campaigner
  • Veterinarian

The median salary for a park ranger is around $50,000 a year.

Those working in national parks will earn more than those working in state and local parks.

The larger a park is and the more responsibility you have, the larger your salary will be.

If you have a passion for the environment and the outdoors, then becoming a park ranger could be an ideal career choice for you.

It’s a great opportunity to make a positive contribution to the environment, and to the community.

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