How to Become a Network Administrator
Network Administrator Careers & Degrees

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A network administrator oversees a range of IT functions within a business or organization.

They have high computer literacy, are skilled problem solvers, and also good at working with different kinds of people.

If you enjoy computers, and would like to spend your career working with all kinds of systems, then a career as a network administrator might be ideal for you.

If you’re looking for a role in IT, working as a network administrator is an excellent choice.

You’ll enjoy plenty of job opportunity once qualified, and be employed in a sector with faster growth than average.

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Education Requirements to Become a Network Administrator

If you’re in high school, it’s a good idea to take as many computer and technology subjects as possible.

Math and science are also helpful at this point.

If your school has a computer club or something similar, you might like to join to earn some additional experience.

A part-time job in a computer or electronics store would also be valuable.

The minimum educational requirement to become a network administrator is a four year bachelor degree with a major in computer science, or a similar field.

You can complete a 2 year network administration program at community college, but this may only leave you eligible for a job on a help desk rather than a full network administrator’s position.

Completing internships while at college will definitely help you to gain experience, but more importantly, make your resume stand out from the crowd when you are looking for a job.

While not essential, many network administrators go on to attain masters degrees in computer science or networking.

This can help you to get the top jobs in large companies.

Some individual companies like Microsoft and Cisco offer certification programs for network administrators.

Attaining these certifications can be a real benefit when looking for a job.

A good resource is DICE, which features job listings for network administrators.

Even if you are still studying, it is good to know what kind of jobs are around and the skills required.

Network Administrator Job Description

A network administrator oversees the IT needs of a large company or organization.

This includes the installation and maintenance of LANs, or local area networks, WANs, or wide area networks.

They also install and maintain hardware and software, servers, maintain network security, and troubleshoot any problems that may occur.

Here are some of the duties of a network administrator:

  • Install PCs
  • Configure and maintain PCs
  • Maintain area networks
  • Maintain network security
  • Determine individual access levels
  • Provide staff training
  • Maintain servers
  • Provide adequate backup systems
  • Troubleshoot user problems
  • Maintain other devices like printers and photocopiers

To become a network administrator you will need to be comfortable in working in a highly technical role.

As computer technology is always changing and moving forward, you will need to spend time keeping up with these changes.

When things go wrong with computers, some people can become very stressed.

For this reason you will need to be ready to work in a high stress environment form time to time.

Network administrators generally work a 40 hour work week, but there may be times when you are required to work additional hours.

When new systems are being put in place, when a crash occurs, or there is simply too much work to do, you may need to work overtime.

Network Administrator Salary and Career Path

Most network administrators will get a role as an assistant, providing support to a more experience network administrator.

Others get their start working in a help desk position, or similar.

With a few years experience, you could expect to be working as a full network administrator.

The median salary for a network administrator is $66,000.

Those just starting out in an entry level network administration role could expect to earn closer to $50,000 a year.

The top 10% in this sector earn over $110,000.

Some network administrators move on to become systems engineers, move into management roles, or go on to develop systems and software themselves.

For those that are looking for a role in IT, working to beocme a network administrator is an excellent career choice.

Employment prospects are strong, and the salary available can be lucrative.

There is a lot of opportunity for advancement and further training as a part of this career.

While stressful at times, this role is one that many in the field find rewarding.

The below information is based on the 2019 BLS national averages.
  • Annually
  • Monthly
  • Hourly

National Average Salary

$88,410
$52K
$65K
$88K
$106K
$132K
10%
25%
50%
75%
90%

Average Salary by State

StateAvg. Annual Salary
Alabama$77,430
Alaska$79,760
Arizona$85,130
Arkansas$65,390
California$99,480
Colorado$88,130
Connecticut$95,500
Delaware$78,890
District of Columbia$101,000
Florida$81,570
Georgia$87,430
Hawaii$82,460
Idaho$71,580
Illinois$86,810
Indiana$79,070
Iowa$76,660
Kansas$76,260
Kentucky$66,500
Louisiana$69,620
Maine$79,700
Maryland$110,890
Massachusetts$95,460
Michigan$78,840
Minnesota$87,280
Mississippi$70,930
Missouri$86,060
Montana$70,430
Nebraska$80,600
Nevada$86,740
New Hampshire$89,970
New Jersey$103,240
New Mexico$75,590
New York$97,820
North Carolina$85,920
North Dakota$74,750
Ohio$83,030
Oklahoma$76,060
Oregon$85,370
Pennsylvania$80,250
Rhode Island$93,230
South Carolina$77,390
South Dakota$63,510
Tennessee$78,410
Texas$88,840
Utah$81,530
Vermont$75,770
Virginia$92,720
Washington$93,930
West Virginia$71,450
Wisconsin$74,230
Wyoming$70,650
Guam$56,180
Puerto Rico$45,560

The top earning state in the field is Maryland, where the average salary is $110,890.

These are the top 5 earning states in the field:

Maryland - $110,890
New Jersey - $103,240
District of Columbia - $101,000
California - $99,480
New York - $97,820
* Salary information based on the May 2019 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey for Network and Computer Systems Administrators, OCC Code 15-1244, BLS.
* Employment conditions in your area may vary.

Frequently Asked Questions

QuestionWhat does a network administrator do?

Network administrators are responsible for supervising the day-to-day operations of computer networks.

Their job includes installing network hardware and software, maintaining and repairing existing equipment and adding new users to existing networks.

Network administrators typically work for an organization and ensure that each workstation works efficiently and remains connected to the computer network.

In some situations, they may also train computer users on how to use new hardware and software.

Network administrators need analytical and multitasking skills as well as communication and problem-solving skills.

If you’re passionate about technology and computer networks and you are willing to spend a few years in post-secondary education, a career as a network administrator may be the right path for you.

QuestionHow much does a network administrator make?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for network and computer systems administrators was $82,050 in May 2018.

Salaries vary depending on the administrator’s experience, the employer and the size of the network.

Some entry-level administrators earn less than $51,000 a year while more experienced workers can make more than $130,000 a year.

QuestionHow much does it cost to become a network administrator?

Network administrators typically need a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field but some employers may hire candidates who hold an associate’s degree and have some experience in the field.

Bachelor’s degree programs cost, on average, around $42,000-$43,000 a year but expenses vary widely depending on the school you choose and the program itself.

Some companies may also require network administrators to be certified in the products they use; some of the most common credentials are those offered by Microsoft and Cisco.

These credentials can be earned after passing an exam; the certification exam fee is typically between $300-$600.

QuestionWhat is the demand for network administrators?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, overall employment for network administrators is projected to grow 5 percent from 2018 to 2028.

As more small and medium-sized businesses that don’t have a dedicated IT department adopt cloud services, the employment of network administrators is expected to grow 24 percent in the computer system design industry.

Holding a bachelor’s degree and a certificate in your area of expertise may improve your employment prospects.

QuestionHow long does it take to become a network administrator?

Most companies require network administrators to hold a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field- which can be earned after 4 years of post-secondary training.

As a network administrator, you may also have to complete continuing education classes to keep up with the latest advances in the field.

Holding a professional certification in the products you use may also improve your employment prospects.

Some of the most popular certifications are those offered by Microsoft and Cisco.

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