How to Become an Astronomer

An astronomer studies the skies, seeking to learn about and understand celestial bodies such as galaxies, stars, planets, and solar systems.

If you have an interest in physics, an intense curiosity about the universe, and strong academic skills, then you might like to become an astronomer.

Most astronomers are highly educated and work for colleges as professors, or for other research facilities.

The life of an astronomer is both exciting and intriguing.

A day of work could involve the discovery of new stars and planets, research into the physical laws of the universe, and spending time studying the sky and creating new theories on the world around us.

Education Requirements to Become an Astronomer

The path to become an astronomer is a challenging one.

You will need to prepare yourself for a long span of education; in fact you will likely spend a good part of your career in colleges and libraries.

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If you’re still at high school, then you should choose subjects in math and sciences.

Physics is particularly important in this field.

It’s also a good time to start exploring your interests further.

Joining an astronomy club, reading magazines, and broadening your knowledge of the subject are all a good idea.

Most astronomers start their college education with a four year bachelor’s degree, with a major in physics.

Many astronomers are employed as college professors, and to gain this role you will need a doctorate degree.

If you can’t gain entry into a doctoral program after your undergrad degree, you may need to apply for a master’s degree first.

While you’re at graduate school, always offer to help your professors with any field work or research projects they are working on.

It’s good experience, and will also help later on when you conduct your own projects or are looking for employment.

Another career option is to work as a research assistant in an observatory.

To gain this kind of position you would need to complete a master’s degree.

Some astronomers may work for employers like NASA, researching space travel and satellite communication.

A good further source of information on how to become an astronomer is the American Astronomical Society

Astronomer Job Description

When you become an astronomer you could find yourself taking part in a wide range of duties.

Some astronomers work in observatories, where they monitor the sky, look for new stars and planets, and chart the universe.

Others work from a more theoretical perspective.

They try to explain and understand the universe through the laws of physics and mathematics.

Some may work to apply their expertise to aerospace, working to design satellites, as well as air and spacecraft.

Here are some of the tasks of an astronomer:

  • Conducting field research
  • Collecting, collating, and analyzing data
  • Writing and publishing papers
  • Conducting research work
  • Working on hypotheses, new models, and theories
  • Improving observation technology
  • Contributing to the design of spacecraft, aircraft, and satellite technology

Astronomer Salary and Career Path

When you become an astronomer, it’s likely that you will begin your career working as a research assistant.

You’ll spend long hours in observatories, and be required to assist others on their field work projects.

If you are completing graduate work, you may be offered work as a teaching assistant or tutor.

Once you have gained some experience, you could be promoted to a more senior position within an observatory.

Alternatively, if you are based in a college, you may be offered a position as a college professor.

Many astronomers may also work for private employers, such as the US Navy, NASA, or other facilities.

Some may conduct their own research by receiving grants from government or not-for-profit organizations.

The median salary for an astronomer is around $87,000 according to

Those with a doctoral degree were more likely to be on the higher end of the income scale, as opposed to those with a master’s qualification.

Some similar career paths to an astronomer that you might be interested in include:

If you are looking to become an astronomer, you should prepare yourself for a challenging academic path.

You will be rewarded with an intriguing career, where your work life will present you with all different kinds of challenges and situations.

There is also the rare opportunity to contribute something original to human knowledge.

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