10 Best Public Health Bachelor's Degree Schools in Kansas

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Kansas is bordered by plains, forests, and thousands upon thousands of sunflowers, and if you head west you’ll come across the Rocky Mountains.

Though there are tons of natural views to see in Kansas, you may be looking for the best education that Kansas can provide.

Here, there are several great colleges to look into, but only a couple offer the Public Health Bachelors degree you seek.

With that being said, you may need to stretch your wings and find your opportunities in other states both close by and far away.

Whether you choose to head out to a distant land, stay home and study online or in person, there is something for everyone on this list of ten of the best schools for Kansas residents.

Don’t let the lack of universities in Kansas stop you from earning this necessary degree, as the world needs more people working to better their communities.

1Kansas State University

Programs Offered:

Kansas State University is one of the oldest public universities in the state and is considered one of the more affordable colleges in the United States.

It is also the first land-grant college in the state of Kansas, which means it teaches agricultural fields, but today at Kansas State University you can learn much more than that.

In fact, with over 250 choice, there are so many programs to get involved in at Kansas State University that they’ve had to create more than one campus.

People who are interested in biology and helping their communities though healthcare will enjoy the Public Health Bachelors degree provided here.

Each course within this four year degree is designed as a stepping stone to begin a life-long career in Public Health.

One of the unique aspects of a degree from Kansas State University is that students are given the opportunity to earn a Masters degree in just one year right after they earn their Bachelors degree.

There are an abundance of great courses to take while in this degree program, including these titles:

  • Health Promotion and Behavior
  • Public Health Biology
  • Health Policy and Administration
  • Epidemiology

Evidence based science and research is at the forefront of this curriculum, which means you’ll always receive up to date and factual information throughout the courses.

Once you have completed all of the required courses and lab work, you’ll be on your way to a successful career in roles like:

  • Health Educator
  • Nurse Practitioner
  • Physician Assistant
  • Public Health Analyst


In order to apply to Kansas State University you will need to go to the website, everything can be done right on your computer.

Once you have completed all of the required questions for the application, you will need to provide some additional information:

  • Transcripts from high school or previous education
  • Financial aid information
  • ACT or SAT scores

The great thing about Kansas State University is that once you submit your application you will be eligible for hundreds of scholarships, which you can pick and choose to enter.

International students will need to provide their scores from the English proficiency exam.

Once you have fulfilled all of the above requests, it may be necessary to wait a couple of weeks to hear back from an enrollment advisor.

Prospective students can check their status online as well as enroll in a campus tour.


Residents of Kansas will pay $21,733 annually, which includes room and board.

If you choose not to live on campus, you will pay $9,632 per year.

This means you will pay between $38,528 and $86,932 depending on your choice of accommodations.

Non-residents will pay $38,045 if using room and board for a total of $152,180 after four years of education.

Financial aid, scholarships, and grants are available for all students who attend Kansas State University.

Contact Information

  • Address: 919 Mid-Campus Dr. Manhattan, KS 66506
  • Phone: 765-532-6011
  • Website: www.k-state.edu

2Baker University

Programs Offered:

Our next incredible Kansas school is Baker University located in Baldwin City.

This private school was founded in 1858, and has grown to enroll about 2,000 students each school year.

If you are looking for a rural setting with quiet, small town vibes, then Baker University should be right where you want to go.

Here, students can choose from just over 50 academic programs to get involved in.

Those who are interested in improving living conditions for communities across the United States, the Public Health Bachelors degree is a great stepping stone.

Through the Department of Applied Health Sciences, students can partake in this four year degree that is based in science and evidential research.

You’ll also be able to receive some incredible scholarships through this school, including:

  • Benjamin A. Gessner Award
  • Robert L. Miller Scholarship
  • Thomas G. and Francis B. Manson Scholarship

Good grades and hands-on experience can lead you toward success in this degree program, especially in courses like:

  • Human Nutrition
  • Health Promotions
  • Global Health Issues
  • Sociology of Medicine

Many courses will provide the opportunity to work in a lab and have clinical experiences for even more real-life education.

After graduating from Baker University, students are welcome to apply to incredible Public Health careers such as:

  • Public Health Nurse
  • Safety Director
  • Health Administrator
  • Epidemiologist


Students can attend Baker University both online and on campus, you will just need to make that distinction when you fill out your application.

For residential admissions, you’ll want to schedule a campus tour before enrolling.

This way, you can get used to the campus and see what types of activities you can get into in person.

If you plan to attend online, all you’ll need to do is submit your transcripts and fill out an application.

Those who choose to take in-person classes will also need to submit an application and then get in contact with an academic advisor to talk about the next steps which could include student orientation and enrolling in classes based on your degree.

Once you have been admitted, you’ll need to make a deposit, decide where you are going to live, and choose your financial aid package.

This can all take between two weeks and a month to figure out.


Full-time undergraduate tuition at Baker University is $33,200 per year.

Those who stay for four years to earn a Bachelors degree will pay $132,800 in total.

Online students will pay $12,600 per year and $50,400 in total tuition costs after graduation.

Other fees that may apply include:

  • Student ID – $30
  • Meal plans – $5,000 per year
  • Housing – $6,000 per year

Contact Information

  • Address: P.O. Box 65 Baldwin City, KS 66006
  • Phone: 785-594-6451
  • Website: www.bakeru.edu

3University of Cincinnati

Programs Offered:

Ohio may seem like a far off land for those who are from Kansas, but the incredible degree programs here are the reason this public university is so high on our list.

The University of Cincinnati has been considered in the top 5 of schools for over a decade now, including research and internship possibilities.

Not only that, but if you are a Kansas resident who plans to stay home to earn your degree, this school has great opportunities online so you won’t have to leave the comfort of your home.

Maybe you would like to head to Ohio to fulfill your dreams of earning a Bachelors degree, and if that’s the case, you’ll love the massive campus with over 48,000 students on it at any given time.

There is always something to do on campus or in the surrounding city of Cincinnati, so if you like nightlife and entertainment, this may be the school for you.

Along with the bustling city, you’ll love the hundreds of programs to choose from at this school.

Not only can students earn Bachelors degree, but they can earn Associates, Masters and even Doctorates.

For those interested in healthcare, the Public Health Bachelors degree program is a great stepping stone that has thousands of positions to be filled on a daily basis.

Throughout this program, students are given classroom time as well as research opportunities to make observations and differences in the world of Public Health.

You’l love the science based curriculum with courses that include:

  • Communicating About Health, Environment and Science
  • First Year Foundations in Public Health
  • Health Across the Lifespan
  • Research Methods in Health Sciences

Not only will you gain access to labs and internships, but you can also take part in the Global Health Brigade, which strives to increase the quality of life for rural communities all across the world.

Now that you’ve earned your degree, what’s next?

You’ll be excited to learn that hundreds of career opportunities await you with a degree from the University of Cincinnati, including:

  • Grant Writer
  • Accreditation Coordinator
  • Health Information Specialist
  • Epidemiologist


Transfer students, international students, homeschool graduates, and first year freshman are all invited to apply to the University of Cincinnati.

The first thing that you will want to do when looking into enrolling at the University of Cincinnati is talk to an academic advisor.

They can lead you down the right path for your degree program and also give you a campus tour so that you can be assured you are going to the school of your dreams.

In order to complete your application, you’ll want to head to the website and begin filling out your personal information.

A non-refundable $50 application fee is required at the time of submitting.

Along with that, you’ll want to provide some important paperwork, like:

  • Official high school transcripts or transcripts from previous education if you are transferring
  • ACT or SAT scores
  • Letter of recommendation

It will take about two weeks to hear back on whether you have been admitted or not, and once you have you’ll get to enroll in the right classes for your degree.


Full-time Ohio residents pay $13,176 per year to attend the University of Cincinnati.

This comes out to about $52,704 after earning a Bachelors degree.

Online students will pay a little more at $13,536 per year, for a total of $54,144 upon graduation.

Those who attend the University of Cincinnati from out of state will pay $28,510 per year.

This adds up to $114,040 after four years and completing your Bachelors degree.

Residents of Indiana or Kentucky will pay a price of $13,776 per year to attend for a total of $55,104 after a four year program.

Contact Information

  • Address: 2600 Clifton Ave. Cincinatti, OH 45221
  • Phone: 513-556-0000
  • Website: www.uc.edu

4Walden University

Programs Offered:

Instead of heading to a campus everyday, you may be looking for an online resource to earn a Bachelors degree.

That is where you will find the great Walden University, which was founded 1970 and has been moved to completely virtual content since the early 2000’s.

Even though this is an online school, students still have the chance to form deep connections with faculty and other classmates through discussions and classroom time.

You won’t want to miss your opportunity to learn all about the field of Public Health with the four year Bachelors degree offered here.

Students start off taking general education classes and then move on to more science based, specialized courses like:

  • Foundations of Public Health
  • Human Disease and Prevention
  • Ethical and Legal Issues in Healthcare
  • Public and Global Health

Since this is an online degree, you won’t be required to take part in an internship, but you will need to work on a Capstone project your senior year to show proof that you’ve learned as much as you can about the field of healthcare and Public Health.

Public Health is a growing career field, and with a degree from Walden University, you will be qualified for roles that include:

  • Youth Program Specialist
  • Integrative Health Practitioner
  • Health Media Director
  • Education Director


The first thing that you will want to do when applying at Walden University is to contact an academic advisor.

They will be able to guide you to exactly what you want from this university, and help you streamline the application process.

After you have spoken with an academic advisor and learned how to apply, you will need to submit your transcripts from high school or previous education as well as any employment history.

Credit transferring is available for students who have experience at other universities.

You may also get credits for work experience if you have worked in a relevant field.

Once you have submitted your application it may take about a week to hear back about your acceptance status.


There are many great options for tuition costs at Walden University.

Some programs have accelerated rates which will only take about two years to finish.

These programs typically cost $22,330 while the four year programs cost $46,175.

There are scholarships, grants, and financial aid opportunities available for qualified students.

Since this is an online school, students don’t have to worry about paying for room and board, which means saving money on tuition.

Contact Information

  • Address: 7080 Samuel Morse Dr. Suite 100 Columbia, MD 21046
  • Phone: 866-492-5336
  • Website: www.waldenu.edu

5University of Michigan

Programs Offered:

If you are looking for a complete change of pace from life in Kansas, head to Ann Arbor, Michigan to feel the college life you’ve always dreamed of at the University of Michigan.

This 65,000 student body pulsates in a college town that is filled with hundreds of things to do when your classes are done.

While you are in school, though, you’ll walk across a vast city campus that has many areas of interest to pique all types of curiosities.

The University of Michigan holds prestigious standards in hundreds of programs, and those who are interested in science, healthcare, and helping their communities will love the Public Health Bachelors degree.

Along with the typical general education classes like English and Math, students are provided with comprehensive curriculum in courses like:

  • Health and Society
  • Public Health Genetics
  • Community, Culture, and Social Justice
  • Creating Change in Public Health

Each student at the University of Michigan has the chance to take part in internships, study abroad opportunities, and even organizations related to their field to gain hands-on and real world knowledge every day.

Students can even take part in important research through the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program.

Each course will bring you one step closer to the career of your dreams, which may include:

  • Disaster Preparedness Coordinator
  • Health Communications Specialist
  • Data Analyst
  • Chronic Disease Management Coordinator

Graduating takes four years, but once you have succeeded in earning your degree, so many doors open within the world of healthcare.


It is easy to apply to the University of Michigan, but first you will need to submit a $75 non-refundable application fee.

After that, you will be able to get started on filling out your personal information right from the website.

The University of Michigan accepts first year freshman, transfer students, international students, and military students, they just ask that you provide the following information along with your application:

  • Transcripts from high school or previous education
  • Teacher evaluation
  • SAT or ACT scores
  • English proficiency exam if an international student

That’s all you need to include with your application, and then you are on your way to becoming a Wolverine.

If you have been accepted, you will hear back from an academic advisor about the next steps in the process, which could include financial aid information and orientation for new students.

It will take about two weeks to hear back on the status of your application.


In state students who want to also include room and board in their tuition will pay $33,555 per year to attend the University of Michigan.

If you are from Michigan but don’t want to utilize room and board, the yearly tuition for you will be $20,385.

Those who live on campus will pay $134,220 after earning their Bachelors degree, and those who live off campus will pay $81,540.

For out of state students who want to attend the University of Michigan, the tuition per year is $55,334.

With room and board this number is $72,153 per year.

This means that out of state students will pay between $221,336 and $288,612 to finish their education.

Financial aid and scholarships are available for qualified students at this school.

Contact Information

  • Address: 500 South State St. Ann Arbor, MI 48109
  • Phone: 734-764-1817
  • Website: www.umich.edu

6Western Illinois University

Programs Offered:

Head east for a bit and you’ll find the great Western Illinois University located in Macomb, Illinois.

The campus is over 1,000 acres and is in the top 10 of best public schools in the United States.

It is a smaller school than many others on the list, with a yearly student enrollment of about 6,000.

You can be a part of that on-campus lifestyle since there are no online courses for the time being.

Kansas residents will love the rural campus with a small town feel, so don’t hesitate to check out this school.

The Public Health Bachelors degree program is a comprehensive and innovative path that is based in evidence and science for those who love helping others and learning about the ways the body works.

Not only will you take part in classes like biology and chemistry, you’ll learn hands-on material in courses like:

  • Community Health Education
  • Environmental Health
  • Personal Health Promotion
  • Drug Use and Abuse

Western Illinois University provides three niches for students of the Public Health area, and they are:

  • Community Health Education
  • Public Health Preparedness
  • Environmental and Occupational Safety

It doesn’t matter which road you choose in this field, as there are thousands of jobs opening every day and an abundant need for Public Health workers.

Once you have completed all of the required classes at Western Illinois University, it will be easy for you to find a life-long career, including:

  • Youth Program Specialist
  • Wellness Consultant
  • Health Media Director
  • Emergency Management Director


If you plan to enroll at Western Illinois University, you can do so as a first year freshman, transfer student, or international student.

As of right now there is no application fee so apply at any time.

In order to complete your application, you will need to create an account on the website.

Everything can be done right online, it should only take about 20 minutes.

Along with your application you should provide the following information:

  • Transcripts from high school or previous education
  • SAT or ACT scores

If you are an international student, you will need to pass the English proficiency exam in order to enroll.

Military and veterans are also welcome to apply, and will receive discounts after acceptance.


Since it takes about 120 credit hours to complete a degree at Western Illinois University students typically pay about $39,120, which does not include room and board.

This comes out to about $9,780 per year.

If you are an international student, you will pay $490 per credit hour, while active military students will pay $250 per credit hour.

In total, international students pay $58,800 for their college education and military students will pay $30,000 upon graduation.

Room and board is $5,460 per semester for all students.

Some other fees that may apply at Western Illinois University are:

  • Health insurance – $2,000 per year
  • Late fees – $50

Contact Information

  • Address: 1 University Circle Macomb, IL 61455
  • Phone: 309-298-1414
  • Website: www.wiu.edu

7University of Missouri-Kansas City

Programs Offered:

With a degree from the University of Missouri in Kansas City, you will be among the ranks of some incredible alumni.

From Pulitzer Prize winners to U.S. presidents and even Guggenheim Fellows, the alumni here is a testament to the incredible education within the walls of this university.

Exciting opportunities await you here, and you won’t have to go too far if you are from Kansas, as there are even online opportunities to grow and learn while earning a degree.

Those interested in the medical field can head to the School of Nursing and Health Studies to find the Public Health Bachelors degree program.

This program is evidence based and regularly updated for optimum education.

You’ll take part in research and hands-on experiences in courses that include:

  • Medical Terminology
  • Diversity in Health
  • Epidemiology
  • Biology

Earning a degree from the University of Missouri in Kansas City will put you at the type of the hired list in careers like:

  • Wellness Coordinator
  • Community Outreach Manager
  • Health Policy Maker
  • Emergency Management Director


The first thing you’ll want to do when considering enrollment at the University of Missouri in Kansas City is to head over to the website to find their application.

When you get there, you will notice that there are applications for incoming freshman, transfer students, international students, and even graduate students.

If you have never gone to college before, you’ll want to choose first year freshman, so that you can get all the benefits you need.

Transfer and international students will use their respective portals, to insure that all of their information is correct and accepted.

The application process for this school is fairly simple, you will just need to fill out your information and include some important paperwork like:

  • ACT or SAT scores
  • Transcripts from high school or previous education

At this time, there is no application fee to apply to this school, and it should only take about two weeks to hear back.

There are some deadlines you’ll want to consider, so take a look at the website as they are subject to change.


For students who are from Missouri, the average yearly tuition cost is $11,287.

This adds up to $45,148 after four years of education

If you are from out of state, you’ll pay about $27,760 per year to attend

As it takes four years to complete a Bachelors degree, the average out of state graduate pays $111,040 to attend this school.

This does not include room and board, which come out to about $16,484 per year.

If you choose to live on campus, you’ll pay $65,936 after four years of room and board.

Books typically cost about $814 per year.

There are scholarships and financial aid available to all students who attend the University of Missouri in Kansas City.

Contact Information

  • Address: 1464 Charlotte St. Kansas City, MO 64108
  • Phone: 816-235-1000
  • Website: www.umkc.edu

8Johns Hopkins University

Programs Offered:

The east coast has a great opportunity at Johns Hopkins University located in Baltimore, Maryland.

If you are ready to see the sea and take part in oceanfront living, then heading to this school will be refreshing for you.

Kansas residents love the scenery and coastal feel of Baltimore, and the forward thinking education of Johns Hopkins is at the top of the list as well.

Within the walls of the university, students take part in up and coming research, fieldwork, and internships that provide hands-on experience for careers after graduation.

There are hundreds of ways to learn and grow at Johns Hopkins, and those who ready to make the world a better place through healthcare and population relief can do so with the Public Health Bachelors degree offered here.

Students learn skills like biostatistics, research methods, and how to control diseases within four years at this school.

Along with that, there are plenty of great courses to take that will lead you down your dream path, including:

  • The Environment and Your Health
  • Fundamentals of Health Police and Management
  • Comparative Physiology
  • Cell Biology

Once you have graduated from Johns Hopkins University, you will be among great scholars who have many opportunities open up for them, including in roles like:

  • Diabetes Educator
  • International Aid Worker
  • Vaccine Researcher
  • Behavioral Research Scientist


Applications are accepted only in certain months at Johns Hopkins University, so you will need to watch out for any deadlines before submitting.

Students are asked to take a tour of the campus before committing 100% to this school, just so they know that they are absolutely sure this is where they’d like to spend their next four years.

If you do want to apply to this amazing school, you will need to head to the website to fill out the application.

Johns Hopkins University considers three parts of each prospective student when looking at applications:

  • Academic Character
  • Impact and Initiative
  • Overall Match

Along with your application, it is important to provide the following information:

  • Essay
  • $70 non-refundable application fee
  • SAT or ACT scores
  • Two teacher evaluations

After all of these steps have been completed and submitted, you will hear back from the university within two weeks.


The average student at Johns Hopkins University pays $20,482 per year to attend.

This includes room and board, which most students take part in at this school.

On average, after graduation, you will end up paying $81,930 to earn a four year degree here.

Other expenses that may occur per year include:

  • Books – $900
  • Transportation – $700
  • Personal – $1,400

Most students require some type of financial aid in order to attend Johns Hopkins University.

Contact Information

  • Address: 3400 North Charles St. Baltimore, MD 21218
  • Phone: 410-516-8000
  • Website: www.jhu.edu

9University of Arizona

Programs Offered:

In Tucson, Arizona you will find a large public school by the name of the University of Arizona.

While this may be an out of state school for Kansas residents, you’ll love the fact that you have the choice to learn on-campus or online, meaning you won’t even need to leave your home state to earn your degree if you choose not to.

There are other benefits to a degree from the University of Arizona, you’ll also be among thousands of scholarly alumni who have found success in their dream careers.

A four year degree from the University of Arizona is a major accomplishment, and since there are over 150 majors so choose from, there is something to pique anyones interest here.

For those who want a career in healthcare, the Public Health Bachelors degree is a great four year program to catapult you into the world of helping your community with health based practices.

There are several courses that are required in order to earn your degree in this program, which will include:

  • Drugs and Society
  • Health Education Intervention Methods
  • Health Disparities
  • Minority Health

Each course is designed to help students implement and sustain understanding of evidence-based solutions to make their communities healthier.

During your senior year, it is required to take part in an internship.

This can be done locally, whether you are in Kansas or Arizona, and even through government organizations.

No matter the path you choose for your internship, you’ll gain hands-on experience which will be necessary for a career once you have graduated.

An internship may even turn into a full-time position after you earn your degree.

Along with that, graduates are capable to procure a role in various careers like:

  • Family Services Specialist
  • Wellness Consultant
  • Health Coach
  • Environmental Health Educator


One of the great things about the University of Arizona is that you can enroll anywhere, online, locally, in-person and even internationally.

Another wonderful aspect of this school is that the application and enrollment process is fairly simple.

It shouldn’t take more than 30 minutes to complete the application if you have all the necessary paperwork ready to go.

A non-refundable $50 application fee is required to submit your application.

There are deadlines throughout the year, so pay attention to when your application is due so you don’t miss out on important school notices.

In order to finish your application, you will need to provide the following information:

  • Transcripts from high school or previous education
  • SAT or ACT scores
  • Optional essay

Once you have finished all this and submitted your paperwork, you may need to wait a week or two before an academic advisor reaches out to you for the next step, signing up for classes.


Attendants of the University of Arizona who are residents of the state will pay $13,200 per year.

It takes four years to complete a Bachelors degree, so the average Arizona graduate pays $52,800.

Out of state learners will pay $39,600 per year to attend this school which ends up costing about $158,400 upon graduation.

Students have the opportunity to take out grants, scholarships, and financial aid in order to cover the costs of their education.

Contact Information

10University of Iowa

Programs Offered:

The University of Iowa is the United States premier public research facility.

Students here are able to dive into hundreds of opportunities to learn more about the field they wish to go into once they’ve graduated.

Not only that, but the University of Iowa is within the top 200 schools in the entire world.

Kansas residents and even residents from all across the nation head to the University of Iowa to take part in all of the great things happening here.

Small classes and knowledgeable faculty are two of the greater aspects of this school, and you can be a part of all that if you choose to enroll here.

There are over 100 ways to earn a degree at the University of Iowa, and one of those is the Public Health Bachelors degree.

The Public Health degree here is ranked number 20 in the entire nation, and through this program students will learn how to handle Public Health issues and healthcare necessities worldwide.

Each course is steeped in knowledgable information that is up to date and evidence based.

Take a look at some of the courses you will be involved in throughout this program:

  • Fundamentals of Public Health
  • Health, Work, and the Environment
  • Global Public Health
  • The U.S. Health System in a Global Context

Classroom time isn’t the only opportunity to learn here, as students are given the chance to partake in internships, research and experiential learning from the very first day of class.

After four years of education, you’ll be ready to handle a life-long career in Public Health, such as:

  • Community Health Educator
  • Clinical Research Specialist
  • Cultural Competency Trainer
  • Health Promotion Programmer


Current high school, transfer students, international students and even military students will find it easy to apply to the University of Iowa.

All you will need to do is go to the website and fill out the appropriate application.

The university of Iowa requires prospective students to create a username and password before beginning your application.

Once you do that you’ll be able to come back and finish your application if you need to leave at any time.

Along with your application, it is important to provide the following information:

  • Transcripts from high school or previous education
  • Proof of at least a 3.33 GPA
  • SAT or ACT scores

That’s all you will need to do to apply to the University of Iowa.

Once your application is completed and submitted, it will take about two weeks to hear back from an academic advisor.

At which time, you’ll be able to choose classes and get started with the orientation process.


Iowa residents who decide they want to live and eat on campus will pay $21,829 per year to attend this school.

If you are an Iowa resident but want to live at home, your tuition will be $10,353 per year.

In state residents will pay between $41,412 and $87,316 to get an education at the University of Iowa.

If you are from out of state, your tuition will be a bit higher at $32,316 or $43,792 if you plan to utilize room and board.

After four years of school, expect to pay between $129,264 and $175,168 to earn a Bachelors degree.

Some other fees that may apply at the University of Iowa include:

  • Books and supplies – $916
  • Personal expenses – $3,098
  • Transportation – $1,026

Financial aid is available for all students at the University of Iowa.

Contact Information

  • Address: 2700 UCC Iowa City, IA 52242
  • Phone: 319-335-3500
  • Website: www.uiowa.edu

Final Thoughts

Kansas may only have a couple physical colleges to attend for Public Health, but there are definitely other options for you to consider.

Like online, out of state, or even a hybrid course or two, you’ll find great success in this list and we hope we have helped you narrow down your choices.


Jamie Willis
Career Specialist at BecomeopediaHi, my name is Jamie Willis, and I have been helping students find their perfect internships and education paths for the last ten years. It is a passion of mine, and there really is nothing better than seeing students of mine succeed with further studies.