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how to become a Mental Health Counselor
 
      
 

How to Become a Mental Health Counselor



Mental Health Counselors are experienced working with individuals who have been diagnosed with an emotional or mental disorder. They may begin working with an individual to provide a diagnosis and follow up with them to provide a treatment plan that includes strategies that will help them manage and live with their disorder.

Individuals who want to become a Mental Health Counselor will benefit from having a combination of personal characteristics, such as listening and interpersonal skills, a graduate degree and licensure in order to enter this profession.

Education Requirements to Become a Mental Health Counselor



Individuals who want to become a Mental Health Counselor will need a postsecondary and a master's degree, a license in order to practice and thousands of hours of clinical experience. Individuals pursuing this career will also benefit from working on personal characteristics such as compassion and interpersonal skills in order to succeed in this profession.

Completing an undergraduate bachelor's degree is the first step in order to become a Mental Health Counselor. An undergraduate degree in most areas of studies is acceptable although a focus in psychology provides continuity between a bachelor's and a master's degree. In order to become a Mental Health Counselor, a master's degree in psychology, counseling, social work, family therapy or a closely related field is suggested.

Students completing a graduate counseling program will learn how to identify mental and emotional disorders by observing their symptoms. They will also learn the qualifications needed to diagnose a mental or emotional disorder. Individuals will also learn a variety of useful counseling plans to begin treatment.

Individuals must then seek licensure in order to become a Mental Health Counselor. Licensure is typically administered through individual state boards but many have similar requirements. Standard requirements include completing an accredited master's counseling program, 2,000 to 4,000 hours of supervised clinical experience after graduating and passing a state recognized exam that requires continuing education. Regulation for mental health professionals is administered by individual state boards. You may visit the National Board for Certified Counselors to learn more information about state boards and their licensure requirements.

Mental Health Counselor Job Description



Mental Health Counselors are licenses professionals who are experienced in meeting, diagnosing and treating individuals with mental or emotional disorders. After diagnosing a mental or emotional disorder, they will also work with the individual to determine a treatment plan that will improve a patient's mood or symptoms.

Mental Health Counselors will use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM) in order to diagnose mental disorders. This manual is the standard text compiled by the American Psychiatric Association and is used throughout the profession for reference. These professionals will diagnose several types of mental illnesses including some of the following disorders:

  • Anxiety disorders

  • Mood disorders

  • Psychotic disorders

  • Eating disorders

  • Impulse and addiction disorders

  • Personality disorders

  • Obsessive compulsive disorders and

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder


After providing clients with a diagnosis, Mental Health Counselors will determine a treatment plan that may recommend prescription drugs that improve chemical imbalances. They will also discuss strategies that will help them change their behaviors and skills on how to handle intense emotions. During appointments, these professionals will also provide therapy to help individuals process their emotions.

Mental Health Counselor Salary and Career Path



In 2012, Mental Health Counselors earned a median salary of approximately $40,080 per year. Exact wages will depend on several things including the industry an individual works in and level of experience. Mental Health Counselors working for the federal government can expect a median wage of approximately $48,060 per while those who work nursing and residential care facilities can expect a median wage of approximately $32,530 per year. Some Mental Health Counselors can expect to earn up to $66,630 per year.

The job growth for Mental Health Counselors is expected to grow by 29 percent through the year 2022. This growth in jobs is considered much faster than average when compared to other professions and is attributed to changes in federal legislation mandating the coverage of mental health counseling services under insurance policies. Individuals covered under these new federal guidelines are likely to use mental health counseling services for preventative and treatment purposes.

Individuals pursuing a career as a Mental Health Counselor can look forward to working with individuals and help improve their overall wellbeing. These professionals will also be able to observe their patient's progress which may increase their job satisfaction.
 
 
 
 
 
 

*Salary Information provided by the Bureau Of Labor Statistics
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